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AISI 1095 SAE UNS G10950 Carbon Steel Foundry

Steel foundry in China for producing AISI 1095 SAE UNS G10950 Carbon Steel castings. The followings are this material's chemical composition, physical and mechanical properties and equivalent material grades.

The following datasheet gives an overview of AISI 1095 Carbon Steel.

Chemical Composition

The following table shows the chemical composition of AISI 1095 carbon steel.

Element

Content (%)

Iron, Fe

98.38 - 98.8

Carbon, C

0.90 - 1.03

Sulfur, S

≤ 0.050

Phosphorous, P

≤ 0.040

Manganese, Mn

0.30 - 0.50

Physical Properties

The physical properties of AISI 1095 carbon steel are outlined in the following table.

Properties

Metric

Imperial

Density

7.85 g/cm3

0.284 lb/in³

Melting point

1515°C

2760°F

Mechanical Properties

The mechanical properties of cold drawn AISI 1095 carbon steel are outlined in the following table.

Properties

Metric

Imperial

Tensile strength

685 MPa

99400 psi

Yield strength

525 MPa

76100 psi

Bulk modulus (typical for steel)

140 GPa

20300 ksi

Shear modulus (typical for steel)

80.0 GPa

11600 ksi

Elastic modulus

190-210 GPa

27557-30458 ksi

Poisson's ratio

0.27-0.30

0.27-0.30

Elongation at break (in 50 mm)

10%

10%

Reduction of area

40%

40%

Hardness, Brinell

197

197

Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness)

219

219

Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness)

92

92

Hardness, Rockwell C (converted from Brinell hardness. Value below normal HRC range, for comparison purposes only)

13

13

Hardness, Vickers (converted from Brinell hardness)

207

207

Machinability (based on AISI 1212 steel. as 100 machinability)

45

45

Thermal Properties

The thermal properties of AISI 1095 carbon steel are given in the following table.

Thermal Properties

Metric

Imperial

Thermal expansion co-efficient (@ 0.000-100°C/32-212°F)

11 µm/m°C

6.11 µin/in°F

Thermal conductivity (typical steel)

49.8 W/mK

346 BTU in/hr.ft².°F

Other Designations

Other designations that are equivalent to AISI 1095 carbon steel include:

AMS 5121

ASTM A29 (1095)

ASTM A713 (1095)

MIL S-7947

SAE J403 (1095)

AMS 5122

ASTM A510 (1095)

ASTM A830

MIL S-8559

SAE J412 (1095)

AMS 5132

ASTM A576 (1095)

DIN 1.1274

QQ S700 (C1095)

AMS 5121C

AMS 7304

ASTM A682 (1095)

MIL S-16788 (C10)

SAE J1397 (1095)

AMS 5122C

AMS 5132D

 

 

 

 

 

Fabrication and Heat Treatment

Machinability

The machinability rate of AISI 1095 carbon steel is 45.

Forming

AISI 1095 carbon steel can be formed using conventional techniques. It needs more force that that of the low carbon steels to perform this process.

Welding

AISI 1095 carbon steel can be welded using all welding techniques. It is pre-heated at 260 to 315°C (500 to 600°F) and post-heated at 648 to 788°C (1200 to 1450°F)

Heat Treatment

AISI 1095 carbon steel can be hardened at 899°C (1650°F). It is then quenched in oil followed by tempering. The cutting edge of cutting tools can be hardened by heating and quenching in order to maintain the toughness of the steel.

Forging

AISI 1095 carbon steel can be forged at 955 to 1177°C (1750 to 2150°F). Before performing this process, it is annealed at (1650°F) and slowly cooled in order to homogenize the steel.

Hot working

AISI 1095 carbon steel can be hot worked at 94 to 483°C (200 to 900°F)

Cold working

Cold working of AISI 1095 carbon steel needs greater force than that of the low carbon steels.

Annealing

AISI 1095 carbon steel can be annealed at 899°C (1650°F) followed by slowly cooling in the furnace.

Tempering

AISI 1095 carbon steel can be tempered at 372 to 705°C (700 to 1300°F). It has Rockwell C 55 hardness.

Hardening

AISI 1095 carbon steel can be hardened by cold working or heat treatment.

Applications

AISI 1095 carbon steel can be used in springs or cutting tools, which requires sharp cutting edges such as grass or grain cutting tools.

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